Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10348/10569
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dc.contributor.advisorSantos, J. A.pt_PT
dc.contributor.authorYang, Chenyaopt_PT
dc.contributor.authorFraga, H.pt_PT
dc.contributor.authorIeperen, Wim vanpt_PT
dc.contributor.authorSantos, J. A.pt_PT
dc.date.accessioned2021-07-09T10:17:26Z-
dc.date.available2021-07-09T10:17:26Z-
dc.date.issued2020-04-30-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10348/10569-
dc.description.abstractWheat yield potentials under rainfed Mediterranean conditions have been long limited by late-in-season occurrence of enhanced water deficits and high temperatures, coinciding with sensitive reproductive stages. Present study aims to quantify and separate the impacts of two main abiotic stresses (drought & heat) on potentially attainable wheat yields, in a typical Mediterranean environment of southern Portugal (Alentejo) over 1986—2015. We also evaluate how possible adaptation options could mitigate potential yield losses (reduce the gap between actual and potential yield). Previously calibrated STICS soil-crop model is used for these purposes, which has been satisfactorily evaluated herein for yield simulations using additional field data before running at regional level. By coupling with high-resolution gridded soil and climate datasets, STICS simulations reliably reproduce the inter-annual variability of 30-year regional yield statistics, together with reasonable estimations of experimental potential yields. Therefore, the model is useful to explore the source of yield gap in the region. The quantified impacts, though with some uncertainties, identify the prolonged terminal drought stress as the major cause of yield gap, causing 40–70% mean potential yield losses. In contrast, a short-duration of crop heat stress (≥38 °C) during late grain-filling phase only results in small-to-moderate reductions (up to 20%). Supplemental Irrigation (SI) during reproductive stages provides good adaptive gains to recover potential yield losses by 15–30%, while the proposed early-flowering cultivar is more useful in escaping the terminal heat stress (5–15% adaptive gains) than avoiding prolonged drought stress. In addition, advancing sowing date generally favours wheat production with a robust spatial-temporal pattern. Therefore, combined options based on application of SI, using balanced early-flowering cultivar and early sowing date, may contribute to considerably reduce local yield gap, where current yields can account for 60% of potential yields (26–32% without adaptation). Regional impact assessment and adaptation modelling studies are essential to support agricultural policy development under climate change and variability. The recommended combined adaptation may also represent a promising adaptation strategy for rainfed wheat cropping system in other regions with similar Mediterranean conditions. However, the existing spatial-temporal variability of adaptation response highlights the need to address adaptation strategies at a more detailed local scale with better flexible design.pt_PT
dc.description.sponsorshipPortuguese Foundation for Science and Technology (FCT)pt_PT
dc.language.isoengpt_PT
dc.relationUIDB/04033/2020pt_PT
dc.relation.ispartofCITAB - Centro de Investigação e de Tecnologias Agro-Ambientais e Biológicaspt_PT
dc.rightsopenAccesspt_PT
dc.subjectClimate change impactspt_PT
dc.subjectCrop modellingpt_PT
dc.subjectAdaptation strategypt_PT
dc.subjectAgricultural sciencept_PT
dc.titleAssessing the impacts of recent-past climatic constraints on potential wheat yield and adaptation options under Mediterranean climate in southern Portugalpt_PT
dc.typearticlept_PT
degois.publication.firstPage1pt_PT
degois.publication.issue102844pt_PT
degois.publication.lastPage15pt_PT
degois.publication.titleAgricultural Systemspt_PT
degois.publication.volume182pt_PT
dc.relation.publisherversionhttps://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0308521X19313277pt_PT
dc.peerreviewedyespt_PT
Appears in Collections:DFIS - Artigo de Conferência em Revista Científica Indexada

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