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Title: Influence of Climate Change on Chestnut Trees: A Review
Authors: Freitas, Teresa R.
Santos, J. A.
Silva, Ana P.
Fraga, H.
Keywords: adaptation measures
Castanea sativa
Issue Date: 2021
Publisher: MDPI
Abstract: The chestnut tree (Castanea spp.) is an important resource worldwide. It is cultivated due to the high value of its fruits and wood. The evolution between Castanea biodiversity and humans has resulted in the spread of chestnut genetic diversity. In 2019, the chestnut tree area worldwide was approximately 596 × 103 ha for fruit production (Southern Europe, Southwestern United States of America, and Asia). In Europe 311 × 103 t were produced. Five genetic poles can be identified: three in Greece, the northwest coast of the Iberian Peninsula, and the rest of the Mediterranean. Over the years, there have been some productivity changes, in part associated with climate change. Climate is considered one of the main drivers of biodiversity and ecosystem change. In the future, new challenges associated with climate change are expected, which could threaten this crop. It is essential to identify the impacts of climate change on chestnut trees, improving the current understanding of climate-tree interconnections. To deal with these projected changes adaptation strategies must be planned. This manuscript demonstrates the impacts of climate change on chestnut cultivation, reviewing the most recent studies on the subject. Furthermore, an analysis of possible adaptation strategies against the potentially negative impacts was studied
Peer Reviewed: yes
URI: plants10071463
ISSN: 2223-7747
Document Type: Article
Appears in Collections:DFIS - Artigo publicado em Revista Científica Indexada

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