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Title: Comparison of ion exchange resins at industrial scale and enological stabilizers treatments for tartaric stabilization of white Port wine: Impact on wine physicochemical and sensory profile
Authors: Moreira, Daniela
Fernandes, Conceição
Borges, Rita
Marques, Celeste
Matos, Carlos
Vilela, Alice Maria Correia
Filipe-Ribeiro L.
Nunes, Fernando Hermínio Ferreira Milheiro
Martins, Maria Fernanda Gil Cosme
Keywords: Ion exchange resins
sensory profile
Issue Date: Nov-2018
Abstract: A frequent cause of stability loss in a wine is the formation of crystalline salts of potassium bitartrate (KHT) that appears mainly at low temperatures, as a consequence of a large decrease in its solubility [1, 2]. Although important for consumer’s acceptance, there are only few studies regarding white Port wine tartaric stabilization. Therefore, tartaric stabilization has been carried out in a white Port wine by ion exchange resins, at an industrial scale, and by the addition of oenological stabilizers, with the main objective of comparing the impact of these treatments on wine physicochemical and sensory profile. Port wine is a Portuguese fortified wine produced exclusively in the Douro Valley demarcated region. In this study, a white Port wine from the 2015 vintage from Gran Cruz winery, Portugal, was used and almost 20% from the total wine volume was treated by ion exchange resins (pH-Stab®). The stabilizers used were metatartaric acid and carboxymethylcellulose (CMC1 5%, CMC2 20%; CMC3 solid) with different structural characteristics. Wine tartaric stability was measured by the mini contact test. Wines phenolic composition - total phenols, flavonoid and non-flavonoid compounds, as well as the chromatic characteristics by the CIELab method, were also evaluated. Sensory analysis was performed by a panel of eight trained tasters. Twenty-one attributes were selected and were quantified using a five-point intensity scale. As expected, all treatments assayed stabilized the white Port wine. All the samples presented a slight decrease in total phenolic compounds and non-flavonoid phenolic compounds. Concerning sensory analysis, wine treatment with ion exchange resins was more scored for the visual limpidity attribute and for the aroma attributes citrus and tea.
Peer Reviewed: yes
Document Type: Conference Object
Appears in Collections:DEBA - Póster

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