Silvopastoral systems as a tool for territorial sustainability and biodiversity

Manso, Filipa Conceição Silva Furtado Tor...
Costa, Ana Alexandra Vilela Marta Rio
Tibério, Manuel Luis
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Rural and livestock population evolution in the inner north of Portugal has demonstrated a great regression with consequences for environment and nature conservation. In this context, and taking into account that pastoral activity has shaped the natural areas of mountain territories since its beginning and that territo- ries are currently part of Natura 2000 network, rethinking the importance of such activity has become vital. The constraints affecting daily tasks performed by shep- herds and livestock breeders as well as the installed social segregation are a strong limitation. However, current research developed in the context of nature conserva- tion has demonstrated the importance of the landscape mosaic promoted by grazing in the preservation of priority habitats. In this way, it is urgent to assess the issue of shepherds and livestock breeders’ image in terms of their roles, relationships and concerns, as well as to assess pastoralism socioeconomics in regard to self- consumption, market and rural self-sufficiency. In this perspective, this work presents an analysis of the adaptation of grazing to current times, perceiving its limitations and success potential.
grazing , natura network , shepherds , socioeconomics