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Title: Labour costs dynamics in the Euro area: some empirical evidence
Authors: Gouveia, Sofia Helena Cerqueira de
Correia, Leonida Amaral Tomas
Keywords: unit labour costs
european integration
OCA endogeneity
Issue Date: 2013
Abstract: Littleisknownabouthowtheintroductionofacommoncurrencyandasingle monetary policy has affected the labour cost dynamics in the Euro area. The literature has focused mainly on business cycle synchronisation. This paper analyses labour costs convergence in the Euro area since 1995, combining results from different data and two complementary approaches. First we present some relevant facts about wages and unit labour cost dynamics and, in a second phase, we investigate whether the physical introduction of the euro has changed the volatility and the synchronisation of labour costs cycles, in a context of globalisation. Overall, our results indicate that labour markets in the Euro area are very heterogeneous. However, some signs of labour cost convergence are beginning to emerge. After the circulation of the euro, it seems that a reduction in nominal unit labour costs differences and an increase on the degree of synchronisation has occurred, which has been strengthened in the economic and financial crisis period.
Peer Reviewed: yes
Document Type: Article
Appears in Collections:CETRAD - Artigo publicado em Revista Científica Indexada

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