Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10348/2615
Título: Use of ß-glucanases and ß-1,4-xylanases to supplement diets containing alfalfa and rye for laying hens: effects on bird performance and egg quality
Autor: Mourão, José Luís
Ponte, Patricia
Prates., J.A.M
Centeno., M.S.J
Ferreira, L.M.A
Chaveiro-Soares, M.A
Fontes, Carlos
Palavras-chave: β-glucanase
Laying hen
Data: 2006
Resumo: It is well established that the use of alfalfa in diets for monogastric animals is limited by its high fiber content. However, alfalfa is a natural source of xanthophylls and gives poultry products a desirably yellow color. In addition, alfalfa saponins may contribute to reduce the levels of cholesterol in the meat and egg yolk. We have investigated the potential utilization of β-glucanases and β-1,4-xylanases for enhancing the nutritive value of alfalfa for laying hens. An experiment was conducted with 864 ISA Brown layer hens from 40 to 52 wk of age and fed on diets containing rye (19.6%) or rye and alfalfa (15.1%). The results suggested that inclusion of alfalfa in the diets reduced body weights and total egg mass (P < 0.01). Dietary supplementation with polysaccharidases was unable to significantly improve the performance of laying hens. However, egg yolks from birds that consumed diets containing alfalfa were more deeply pigmented, presenting an increase in yellowness (b*). In contrast, at the percentage of incorporation tested, inclusion of alfalfa in the diets was unable to lower the levels of cholesterol content in the egg yolk. Taken together the results suggest that exogenous plant cell wall hydrolases are not effective for improving the nutritive value of alfalfa-containing diets for laying hens, although inclusion of small percentages of the dehydrated leguminous meal may directly affect the quality of the generated poultry products.
Revisão por Pares: yes
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10348/2615
Tipo de Documento: Artigo
Aparece nas colecções:OLD - DZOO - Artigo em Revista Científica Internacional

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