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Title: Gait variability and quality of life in postmenopausal women
Authors: Soares, Ana Patrícia Mourão
Advisor: Moreira, Maria Helena Rodrigues
Gabriel, Ronaldo Eugénio Calçada Dias
Keywords: Gerontologia
Atividade física
Qualidade de vida
Issue Date: 18-Oct-2016
Abstract: The present study focuses on the importance of walking because this practice brings benefits such as restoration of physical condition and improvement of the quality of life, since the quality of life in postmenopausal women can become a serious public health problem. This low-impact activity, improve the functional independence and the adaptation to the different situations of quotidian. The aim of this study is to define the spatio-temporal parameters as well as to understand their relation with quality of life dimension, by analyzing the relation between those variables and the characteristics of menopause influence (the time of menopause, use of hormone therapy and menopause nature). Besides that one of the goals is to describe the gait variability of usual walking speed in postmenopausal women and, finally, to evaluate the influence of this variability in the quality of life. At the end, by choosing the path of writing a dissertation thesis, the main goal is to publish an article about the results found and analyzed in this study. This dissertation is structured by three main chapters, namely: the Introduction (Chapter 1), the Literature Review (Chapter 2) and the Article (Chapter 3). The sample consisted of 31 postmenopausal women, physically active (3x / week; 30 min or +, with an average age of 61.20±4.96. For a valid obtaining in this sample, we collected clinics and reproductive information and also built the inclusion criteria for ensure an accurate sample data. After analyzing the results, most participants revealed a natural menopause (83.9%) and 58, 1% of the sample had used hormone therapy. These data did not influence QL of these women and the time of menopause (12.61±6.45) also had no influence. However, they were revealed obesity (61%) and central adiposity (90%). These data expose changes in body composition causing, with postmenopausal, muscle and bone mass loss. In other hand, the sample had a very positive QL with 80.87±27.94 points (out of 232 points) - the lower the score, the better the QL. In regard to spatial-temporal parameters, namely, the speed showed very positive values(1,58±0,27), since the higher the better walking speed will be adapting to different situations from day to day, showing greater independence and autonomy, not compromising QL.
Description: Dissertação de Mestrado em Gerontologia: Atividade Física e Saúde no Idoso
Document Type: Master Thesis
Appears in Collections:TD - Dissertações de Mestrado

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